NURS 6501 – Advanced Pathophysiology Quiz Questions

NURS 6501 – Advanced Pathophysiology Quiz Questions
NURS 6501 – Advanced Pathophysiology Quiz Questions and Answers and Discussion Assignment Essays

Question 1
1 out of 1 points

A 25-year-old female has a heavy menses during which she loses a profuse amount of blood. Which of the following adaptations should the nurse expect?
Selected Answer: d.
Peripheral vasoconstriction

Correct Answer: d.
Peripheral vasoconstriction

Question 2
1 out of 1 points

A 58-year-old female presents in the clinic presenting with fatigue, weight loss, and tingling in her fingers. Laboratory findings show low hemoglobin and hematocrit, a high mean corpuscular volume, and normal plasma iron. These assessment findings are consistent with which type of anemia?
Selected Answer: b.
Pernicious anemia

Correct Answer: b.
Pernicious anemia

Question 3
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1 out of 1 points

A newborn is diagnosed with congenital intrinsic factor deficiency. Which of the following types of anemia will the nurse see documented on the chart?
Selected Answer: b.
Pernicious anemia

Correct Answer: b.
Pernicious anemia

Question 4
1 out of 1 points

A group of cells isolated in the laboratory have membrane-bound granules in their cytoplasm and they show phagocytic activity. Which of the following cells is most similar?
Selected Answer: d.
Eosinophils

Correct Answer: d.
Eosinophils

Question 5
1 out of 1 points

A nurse is caring for a patient who cannot clot. Which end product of the clotting cascade is this patient unable to make?
Selected Answer: d.
Fibrin

Correct Answer: d.
Fibrin

Question 6
1 out of 1 points

A 40-year-old male vegetarian is diagnosed with folate deficiency anemia. He reports that he is an alcoholic. Which of the following factors put him at greatest risk for developing his disease?
Selected Answer: b.
Being alcoholic

Correct Answer: b.
Being alcoholic

Question 7
1 out of 1 points

A 21-year-old female was recently diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. In addition to fatigue and weakness, which of the following clinical signs and symptoms would she most likely exhibit?
Selected Answer: b.
Spoon-shaped nails

Correct Answer: b.
Spoon-shaped nails

Question 8
1 out of 1 points

A 60-year-old female emphysema patient experiences a rapid and pounding heart, dizziness, and fatigue with exertion. Which of the following respiratory assessment findings indicate the respiratory system is compensating for the increased oxygen demand?
Selected Answer: b.
Increased rate and depth of breathing

Correct Answer: b.
Increased rate and depth of breathing

Question 9
1 out of 1 points

A 34-year-old male presents in the emergency room with extreme fatigue and shortness of breath. His skin and sclera appear to have a yellowish discoloration. These assessment findings are consistent with which type of anemia?
Selected Answer: d.
Hemolytic anemia

Correct Answer: d.
Hemolytic anemia

Question 10
1 out of 1 points

A 10-year-old male is diagnosed with leukemia. The nurse assesses for which other condition that could be associated with his disease?
Selected Answer: a.
Down syndrome

Correct Answer: a.
Down syndrome

Question 11
1 out of 1 points

Which of the following individuals should the nurse assess first for a vitamin B12 deficiency anemia?
Selected Answer: c.
47-year-old male who had a gastrectomy procedure (removal of the stomach)

Correct Answer: c.
47-year-old male who had a gastrectomy procedure (removal of the stomach)

Question 12
1 out of 1 points

A 5-year-old female is diagnosed with acute leukemia. The nurse will most likely treat this patient with:
Selected Answer: c.
Chemotherapy

Correct Answer: c.
Chemotherapy

Question 13
0 out of 1 points

A staff member wants to know where the greatest proportion of iron is located. How should the nurse respond? The greatest proportion of total body iron is located in the:
Selected Answer: c.
Bone marrow

Correct Answer: a.
Erythrocytes

Question 14
1 out of 1 points

A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with normocytic-normochromic anemia. Which of the following anemias does the nurse suspect the patient has?
Selected Answer: b.
Hemolytic anemia

Correct Answer: b.
Hemolytic anemia

Question 15
1 out of 1 points

While checking lab results, the nurse remembers the normal leukocyte count is:
Selected Answer: b.
5,000-10,000/mm3

Correct Answer: b.
5,000-10,000/mm3

Question 16
1 out of 1 points

A 62-year-old female tells her health care provider she has been experiencing regular night sweats that cause her to wake up drenched. She also remarks that she has been unintentionally losing weight. Physical exam reveals enlarged lymph nodes on her neck that do not appear to be painful. She should be screened for which of the following cancers?
Selected Answer: b.
Hodgkin lymphoma

Correct Answer: b.
Hodgkin lymphoma

Question 17
1 out of 1 points

When a nurse is reviewing lab results and notices that the erythrocytes contain an abnormally low concentration of hemoglobin, the nurse calls these erythrocytes:
Selected Answer: b.
Hypochromic

Correct Answer: b.
Hypochromic

Question 18
1 out of 1 points

A 10-year-old male is diagnosed with sickle cell anemia. When the parents ask who is responsible for this disease, what is the nurse’s best response? He most likely inherited it from:
Selected Answer: c.
Both his mother and father

Correct Answer: c.
Both his mother and father

Question 19
NURS 6501 – Advanced Pathophysiology Quiz Questions and Answers and Discussion Assignment Essays

0 out of 1 points

A 20-year-old female undergoes lab testing for anemia. Results show high iron, bilirubin, and transferrin and low hemoglobin and hematocrit. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis to be documented on the chart?
Selected Answer: d.
Sideroblastic anemia

Correct Answer: a.
Pernicious anemia

Question 20
1 out of 1 points

A 45-year-old female undergoes a splenectomy to remove a tumor. Which of the following assessment finding is most likely to occur following surgery?
Selected Answer: a.
Leukocytosis

Correct Answer: a.
Leukocytosis

Question 21
0 out of 1 points

A hematologist is discussing hematopoiesis. Which information should be included? ________ participate in hematopoiesis.
Selected Answer: d.
Neutrophils

Correct Answer: a.
Colony-stimulating factors (CSFs)

Question 22
1 out of 1 points

In disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), the nurse assesses for active bleeding after intravascular clotting because:
Selected Answer: b.
Clotting factors are depleted.

Correct Answer: b.
Clotting factors are depleted.

Question 23
1 out of 1 points

During an infection, the nurse assesses the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes enlarge and become tender because:
Selected Answer: a.
Lymphocytes are rapidly dividing.

Correct Answer: a.
Lymphocytes are rapidly dividing.

Question 24
1 out of 1 points

A 52-year-old male IV drug user was diagnosed with hepatitis C 5 years ago. He is now experiencing impaired blood clotting. The nurse suspects a decrease in which of the following vitamins?
Selected Answer: a.
K

Correct Answer: a.
K

Question 25
0 out of 1 points

A 65-year-old male experienced loss of appetite, weight loss, lemon-yellow skin, liver enlargement, and a beefy red tongue shortly before his death. Autopsy suggested pernicious anemia, and the cause of death would most likely reveal:
Selected Answer: b.
Liver hypoxia

Correct Answer: c.
Heart failure

Question 26
1 out of 1 points

For a patient experiencing hypersplenism, the nurse expects the erythrocytes to be:
Selected Answer: c.
Sequestered

Correct Answer: c.
Sequestered

Question 27
1 out of 1 points

A 10-year-old male presents with abdominal swelling, night sweats, fever, and weight loss. He is diagnosed with Burkitt lymphoma. Upon obtaining the history, which of the following is the most likely cause?
Selected Answer: d.
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

Correct Answer: d.
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

Question 28
1 out of 1 points

The people from which country have the lowest risk for Hodgkin lymphoma?
Selected Answer: b.
Japan

Correct Answer: b.
Japan

Question 29
1 out of 1 points

A 50-year-old female is diagnosed with primary thrombocythemia. A nurse would expect the blood smear to reveal _____ platelets.
Selected Answer: d.
Overproduced

Correct Answer: d.
Overproduced

Question 30
1 out of 1 points

A 45-year-old male is diagnosed with macrocytic, normochromic anemia. The nurse suspects the most likely cause of this condition is:
Selected Answer: a.
Defective DNA synthesis

Correct Answer: a.
Defective DNA synthesis

Question 31
1 out of 1 points

A 15-year-old male with infectious mononucleosis is being given instructions on how to prevent the spread of this infection to others. Which statement represents a correct instruction?
Selected Answer: b.
Do not share drinking glasses or eating utensils.

Correct Answer: b.
Do not share drinking glasses or eating utensils.

Question 32
1 out of 1 points

A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with vitamin B12 deficiency anemia (pernicious anemia). How should the nurse respond when the patient asks what causes pernicious anemia? A decrease in ______ is the most likely cause.
Selected Answer: c.
Intrinsic factor

Correct Answer: c.
Intrinsic factor

Question 33
0 out of 1 points

A nurse is teaching the staff about platelets. Which information should the nurse include? In addition to playing a role in hemostasis, platelets have the ability to:
Selected Answer: c.
Undergo cell division in response to bleeding

Correct Answer: b.
Release biochemical mediators of inflammation

Question 34
1 out of 1 points

A newborn baby is diagnosed with a blood disorder in which her platelet count is low. Which of the following does the nurse suspect could be the reason?
Selected Answer: c.
Decreased thrombopoietin

Correct Answer: c.
Decreased thrombopoietin

Question 35
0 out of 1 points

A 67-year-old female has chronic gastrointestinal bleeding. A nurse recalls the primary cause of her anemia is:
Selected Answer: a.
Vitamin B12 deficiency

Correct Answer: b.
Iron deficiency

NURS 6501 – Advanced Pathophysiology Quiz Questions and Answers and Discussion Assignment Essays

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