Assignment: Review Role Strain

Assignment: Review Role Strain

Assignment: Review Role Strain

who had completed their maternal-child rotation. They also foutid that participants began the matemal-child clinical rotation with feelings of fear, anxiety, and the possibility of rejection (Patterson & Morin, 2002). Clearly, it is critically important to understand the uniqueness of practical experiences of male nursing students and to consider ways to prevent discrimination so as to enhanee the quality of nursing education for male students (Callister et al., 2000; Okrainee, 1994; Wilson, 2005). Studies in the United States have shown that role strain experienced by male nursing students in obstetrics is higher than that experienced by their female counterparts (Sherrod, 1991). The diflferenees in cultural and edueational background of students in Taiwan make this a useful subjeet for further investigation. In addition, according to Tumipseed (1986),

RN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, China Medical University & Adjunct Supervisor, Department of Nursing, China Medical University Hospital; *RN, MSN, Head Nurse, Department of Nursing, China Medical University Hospital; **RN, MSN, Instructor, School of Nursing, China Medical University; ***RN, MS, Vice Director, Department of Nursing, China Medical University Hospital. Received: March 28, 2008 Revised: August 26, 2008 Accepted: Septemher 15, 2008

Address correspondence to: Ya-Ling Tzeng, No. 91, Hsueh-Shih Rd., Taichung City 40402, Taiwan, ROC. Tel: +886 (4) 2205-3366 ext. 7112; Fax: +886 (4) 2205-3748; E-mail: tyaling@mail.cmu.edu.tw

Journal of Nursing Research Vol. 17, No. 1, 2009

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Journal ofNursing Research Vol. 17, No. 1, 2009

Ya-Ling Tzeng et al.

role strain could threaten a student’s self-concept and create feelings of frustration and failure. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare differences in gender-based levels of role strain and related attitudes among nursing students and to examine the factors as- sociated with role strain of nursing students during their obstetrics training.

Literature Review Role strain was defined initially by Goode (1960) as

the difficulty one feels in fulfilling one’s perceived role obligations. Goode identified four types of role strain: role overload, role conflict, role ambiguity, and role incongru- ity. Sherrod (1991) developed afi”ameworkbased on these concepts and used it to investigate the obstetries practice experiences of 18 male and female students. Results indicated that male student nurses had higher levels of role strain. Callister et al.

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